Fillings – Local anaesthetic is used to numb the area around the tooth being filled. The decay is removed, area cleaned and the tooth coloured material is applied in layers, a special light is used to cure and harden each layer.
Tooth coloured composites have various advantages over other filling materials:
- Bonding to tooth structure
- Tooth sparing preparation
Inlays and Onlays are the preferred type of restoration used when a tooth is too damaged to support a filling but not damaged enough for a dental crown. It prevents the unnecessary removal of tooth structures. These restorations are made from durable porcelain.
Inlays fill the space in between the cusps at the centre of a tooths surface.
Onlays/Partial Crowns work like an Inlay but cover one or more cusps on the entire biting surface of the tooth.
Bridges – A dental bridge is used to replace a missing tooth by cementing crowns on either side. The anchor teeth could be natural teeth or dental implants and are known as Abutment.